Cavernous Angioma, Cavernous Haemangioma, or Cerebral Cavernous Malformation
A cavernoma is a cluster of abnormal blood vessels in the brain or spinal cord. They are not cancerous and for many people they are asymptomatic (no symptoms). For those who do have symptoms they can include haemorrhages, seizures, headaches, tremor and other neurological deficits.
Centronuclear and myotubular myopathy are rare inherited neuromuscular diseases of which there are three forms: x-linked, autosomal recessive, and autosomal dominant. The conditions manifest themselves as defects in the cell structure of voluntary muscles, causing low muscle tone and affecting children and adults at various stages in life.
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Cerebral Palsy is a disorder of movement and posture. It is due to damage to, or failure in, the areas of the brain which control movement. The effects vary from individual to individual; difficulties include awkwardness in walking, or of hand and arm movements, or speech.
Spastic Cerebral Palsy - stiffens muscles and decreases range of movement of joints.
Athetoid Cerebral Palsy - frequent involuntary movements, speech hard to understand and hearing problems are common.
Ataxic Cerebral Palsy - difficult to balance, poor spatial awareness.
A condition which affects the peripheral nerves (in the arms and legs) and leads to progressive muscle weakness. Both the sensory nerves, which send messages back to the brain about touch and feel, and motor nerves, controlling movement, are affected.
M.E. is a potentially chronic and disabling neurological disorder, which is characterised by persistent fatigue and muscle pain. Symptoms can include cognitive problems such as loss of memory and concentration, recurrent sore throat and enlarged neck glands, disturbed sleep patterns and persistent headaches.
The library at The Brain Charity has a range of reference resources on this condition and on a wide range of disability-related issues.
Visit our library to read Can I Tell You About ME/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? A guide for friends, family and professionals by J. Rayner and J. Lithgoe-Hay. Or have a look in your local library for this book.
Cluster Headache is an excruciating pain that affects one side of the head. Each attack develops suddenly, usually without any warning. Attacks last from 15 minutes to 3 hours and usually occur in clusters - several attacks over a few weeks or months and then they stop for a while.
CRPS is a chronic pain disorder, which can occur after trivial injury, often involving soft tissue around joints. The pain is extremely severe, and far outweighs that normally produced by tissue damage. It can go into spontaneous remission or be a long-lasting problem.
Type I - CRPS I, also known as RSD (when there is no identifiable nerve injury) Type II - CRPS II is what used to be known as Causalgia (where there is an identifiable nerve injury)
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CJD is a rare, untreatable, fatal illness affecting the brain. It is one type of the group of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). CJD is divided into four different forms, which all have different causes and symptoms, but they all have the same basic disease process of the accumulation of abnormal prion protein in the brain tissue:
Sporadic CJD, of unknown cause and occurs mainly in the middle-aged and elderly.
Genetic CJD, very rare and due to an inherited genetic defect.
Iatrogenic CJD, results from accidental transmission by medical or surgical equipment.
Variant CJD (vCJD) - a new form of the disease, which has emerged in recent years, linked to a prion disease which affects cattle, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE. Variant CJD appears to affect younger people.