Name Narcolepsy
Related to/Also known as Gelineau's Syndrome
Symptoms of Narcolepsy

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder of the sleep/waking regulating mechanism, resulting in excessive daytime sleepiness. Its most common manifestation is an irresistible urge to fall asleep, even in circumstances such as in the middle of a meal.

 

Another usual symptom is a sudden loss of muscular control triggered by amusement, anger or excitement, which is called cataplexy. The effects of cataplexy range from dropping of jaw and slumping of head, to buckling of the legs and even collapse of the whole body; they last for a few seconds or up to many minutes.

Types  
Useful national contacts Narcolepsy UK
Link opens in new window www.narcolepsy.org.uk
Tel: 0845 450 0394 (local call rate)
Online resources Narcolepsy (NHS Choices)
Link opens in new window www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Narcolepsy/Pages/Introduction.aspx
Narcolepsy (Contact-A-Family)
Link opens in new window www.cafamily.org.uk/medical-information/conditions/n/narcolepsy/?f=N
Living With Narcolepsy (BBC Advice website)
Link opens in new window www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/2MxR9069VYNnCCf3l3FJW3K/living-with-narcolepsy
Our resources

Narcolepsy: a funny disorder that's no laughing matter Visit our library to read Narcolepsy : a funny disorder that's no laughing matter by Marguerite J Utley. Or have a look in your local library for this book.
Link opens in new window Find this in a library at WorldCat.org

Name Neurofibromatosis
Related to/Also known as Von Recklinghausen's Disease
Symptoms of Neurofibromatosis
A genetic disorder, mainly of the nervous tissue, causing benign tumours on nerve tissue anywhere in the body.
Types

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (Nf1) is the most common type, causing tumours (non-malignant and bumps) to form on nerve endings anywhere in the body. Other effects can include learning difficulties, social problems and epilepsy.

 

Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (Nf2) is a much rarer disorder of the nerve tissue, resulting in acoustic neuromas or vestibular Schwannomas on the nerve that takes messages from the ear to the brain. This can then result in progressive deafness and communication problems.

Useful national contacts The Neurofibromatosis Association
Link opens in new window www.nfauk.org
Tel: 020 8439 1234
Online resources

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NHS Choices)
Link opens in new window www.nhs.uk/conditions/neurofibromatosis/Pages/Introduction.aspx

Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NHS Choices)
Link opens in new window www.nhs.uk/Conditions/neurofibromatosis-type-2/Pages/Introduction.aspx

News and Events  
Our resources

The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Neurofibromatosis and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Polly's Best Friend: A Booklet for Girls under 10 This includes copies of the Neurofibromatosis Association's booklets for children "Polly's Best Friend: A Booklet for Girls under 10" and "The Winning Goal: A Booklet for Boys under 10".

Name Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO)
Related to/Also known as Devic's disease

Optico-Spinal MS (OSMS): some scientists believe is the same as NMO

Symptoms of NMO NMO is an inflammatory disease of the nervous system, which usually affects only the optic (eyes) nerve and the spinal cord. It can cause a decrease in vision and varying degrees of weakness or paralysis in the legs and arms.
Types  
Useful national contacts

NMO-Spectrum-UK charity
Link opens in new window www.nmo-ukresearchfoundation.org

 

Information at NMOUK NHS Specialised Services website:   Link opens in new window www.nmouk.nhs.uk


Transverse Myelitis Association
Link opens in new window www.myelitis.org.uk
Find your local support group:
Link opens in new window http://supportgroups.myelitis.org.uk/

Online resources Transverse Myelitis (Brain & Spine Foundation)
Link opens in new window www.brainandspine.org.uk/transverse-myelitis
Our resources

The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on NMO and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

This includes a copy of the NMO-UK booklet "Living with NMO: A Guide to the condition".

Name  Neuropathy
Related to/Also known as  See also: Guillain-Barré Syndrome, Pain
Symptoms of Neuropathy
Neuropathies are processes affecting nerves, either single nerves or a generalised disorder. Damage occurs to the nerves that travel between the brain and the spinal cord to the muscles, skin and other parts of the body, causing pain. The site and cause of the neuropathic pain varies according to the type of neuropathy.
Types There are many Neuropathies, the most common are:
  • Diabetic Neuropathy
  • Peripheral Neuropathy
  • Sensory Neuropathy
  • Post-Herpetic Neuralgia (PHN)
  • Chronic Relapsing Inflammatory Optic Neuropathy (CRION) 
Useful national contacts  GAIN (Guillain-Barré and Associated Inflammatory Neuropathies)
Link opens in new window www.gaincharity.org.uk
News and events  
Online resources

Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetes UK
Link opens in new window www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Nerves_Neuropathy/

Peripheral neuropathy

NHS Choices
Link opens in new window www.nhs.uk/conditions/peripheral-neuropathy/pages/introduction.aspx

Patient.info
Link opens in new window www.patient.co.uk/health/peripheral-neuropathy-leaflet

The Foundation for Peripheral Neuropathy  (U.S.A.)
Link opens in new window www.foundationforpn.org

Our resources

Peripheral Neuropathy & Neuropathic Pain: Into the light The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Neuropathy and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Visit our library to read Gé's Said's book Peripheral Neuropathy & Neuropathic Pain: Into the light. Or have a Link opens in new window look in your local library for this book.
Find this in a library at WorldCat.org

Name Neurosarcoidosis
Related to/Also known as Sarcoidosis
Symptoms of Neurosarcoidosis

"Neurosarcoidosis is a complication of sarcoidosis, in which inflammation occurs in the brain, spinal cord, and other areas of the nervous system.

"Sarcoidosis is a long-term  disorder that affects many parts of the body, mostly the lungs. In a small number of patients, the disease involves some part of the nervous system. This is called neurosarcoidosis."

Source: MedlinePlus
Link opens in new window www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000720.htm

Types  
Useful national contacts SILA (The U.K. Sarcoidosis Charity)
Link opens in new window www.sila.org.uk
Online resources Neurosarcoidosis (Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust)
Link opens in new window www.royalfree.nhs.uk/services/services-a-z/neurosciences/neurosarcoidosis
Our resources

The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Neurosarcoidosis and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Visit our library to read our copy of the Sarcoidosis journal article "Neurosarcoidosis" by Elizabeth Graham and D. Geraint James.

Name Niemann-Pick Disease
Related to/Also known as Juvenile dystonic lipidosis
Symptoms of Niemann-Pick Disease
Niemann-Pick (NP) is an inherited metabolic disorder, in which harmful quantities of a fatty substance accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow and, in some people, the brain.
Types

There are 4 types - A, B, C and D.

  • Type A, Infantile N.P., has its onset in early infancy and results in early death.
  • Type B, Juvenile Non-neuronoplathic NP, involves enlargement of the spleen and liver, which characteristically occurs in pre-teens years.
  • Type C may occur in early life or teens, with enlargement of the spleen and liver, accompanied by progressive loss of speech, ataxia and other problems.
  • Type D - similar to type C, but specifically found in people of Nova Scotia ancestry.
Useful national contacts Niemann-Pick Disease Group UK
Tel: 0191 415 0693
Link opens in new window www.niemannpick.org.uk
Online resources

Niemann-Pick Type C Suspicion Index
a quick, convenient and easy to use assessment of patients, during or following a consultation
Link opens in new window www.npc-si.com

Niemann-Pick Disease Information Page (U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke)
Link opens in new window www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/niemann/niemann.htm

Our resources The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on Niemann-Pick Disease and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Name  Non-Epileptic Attack Disorder (NEAD)
Related to/Also known as  Functional Neurological Disorder
Symptoms of NEAD
Non-epileptic seizures can look and feel like seizures caused by epilepsy, but they are not actually caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain, like epileptic seizures. Instead they are either organic or psychogenic in origin. There are a number of tests available that can help to diagnose NEAD and to distinguish epileptic from non-epileptic seizures.
Types  
Useful national contacts

Epilepsy Action
Freephone helpline: 0808 800 5050
Link opens in new window www.epilepsy.org.uk


NEUROkid information for children and young people diagnosed with NEAD
Link opens in new window www.neurokid.co.uk

Online resources

There are useful factsheets available from the National Society for Epilepsy and from Epilepsy Action, see the websites below:

Link opens in new window www.epilepsysociety.org.uk/AboutEpilepsy/Associatedconditions/Non-epilepticseizures 

Link opens in new window www.epilepsy.org.uk tel: 0808 800 5050

Information can also be found at the website:
Link opens in new window www.nonepilepticattacks.info
This is a website developed by a group of healthcare professionals interested in developing effective treatments for NEAD. It is designed to provide patients and families with information about the condition, what causes them and what treatments there are, together with self-help information.

Our resources

Taking Control of Your Non-epileptic Seizures The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on NEAD and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

This includes a copy of NHS Sheffield Teaching Hospitals' factsheet "Taking Control of Your Non-Epileptic Seizures".