What is Down’s syndrome?
Down’s syndrome is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome.
What causes Down’s syndrome?
Down’s syndrome happens when a person is born with an extra chromosome as a result of a change in the sperm or egg before birth. It is unclear why this occurs.
For the majority of people with Down’s syndrome it does not run in the family. Anyone can have a baby with Down’s syndrome, but the chances do increase with age.
What are the symptoms of Down’s syndrome?
The symptoms of Down’s syndrome differ for everyone but there is always some degree of learning disability. People with a learning disability may need additional support with:
- Understanding complicated information
- Acquiring some skills
- Looking after themselves or living alone
Down’s syndrome may also result in other medical conditions such as:
- Heart defects
- Digestive difficulties
- Poor vision
- Hearing loss
- Problems with muscles and joints