Functional neurological disorder

F.N.D., functional movement disorders

What is functional neurological disorder (FND)?

Functional neurological disorder (FND) is the name given to medically unexplained neurological symptoms which appear to be caused by problems in the nervous system, but are not linked to a specific disease or physical disorder.

It affects how the brain and body send and receive signals.

What causes FND?

Usually, the cause of the symptoms is unknown. FND affects men, women and children throughout the world equally.

What are the symptoms of functional neurological disorder?

The symptoms of FND may fluctuate, or be there all the time. They include:

– difficulty moving, for example walking or controlling your arms and legs
– problems balancing
– tingling sensations or twitches in the body
– headaches, migraines or dizziness
– changes in eyesight, for example blurred vision
– pain, which is sometimes hard to locate, combined with tiredness

Are you affected by functional neurological disorder?

If you’re affected by functional neurological disorder, The Brain Charity can support you.

We are the only charity in the UK to be here for every one of the more than 600 different neurological conditions in existence. Individually, many are rare, but combined, they affect 1 in 6 people.

We provide practical help on all aspects of living with functional neurological disorder, emotional support such as counselling, phone befriending and group therapy and social activities to people with functional neurological disorder from all over the UK from our centre in Liverpool.

Looking to talk to someone?

Woman smiling, making eye contact and holding the hand of another woman to comfort her

Phone us

Contact The Brain Charity now

Our friendly Information & Advice Officers are here to help. We endeavour to respond to all enquiries within 10 working days.

0151 298 2999

Looking to talk to someone?

  • Please tell us which neurological condition you are affected by and what you need support with.

Caring for someone with functional neurological disorder

We support carers, friends and family too

Are you a carer for or relative of someone with FND? It’s just as important for you to look after your own physical and mental wellbeing too.

The Brain Charity provides free support for carers, friends and family of people with any form of neurological condition, including functional neurological disorder, from anywhere in the UK.

We also run an additional carers advocacy service for all carers in Liverpool, regardless of which type of condition the person they care for has.

You don’t need to be a formal or registered carer

We can help you even if you don’t view yourself as a formal carer or claim Carer’s Allowance. Find out some of the ways we support carers below.

Other resources

The Brain Charity's library

The library at the Brain Charity has a range of resources on functional neurological disorder.

Support groups

Support groups at The Brain Charity

Are you interested in setting up a support group for functional neurological disorder, or do you already run one? Email to let us know.

Alternatively, you can check out our list of related support groups here.

Other charities

FND Action

c/o Involve Kent, 39-48 Marsham Street, Maidstone, Kent ME14 1HH<



21 Chetwode, Banbury, Oxon, OX16 1QN