Binswanger’s disease

Subcortical vascular dementia

What is Binswanger’s disease?

Binswanger’s disease is a form of vascular dementia. It is a result of brain damage due to problems with the blood supply to the brain.

What causes Binswanger’s disease?

Binswanger’s disease is caused by a number of small changes to the blood vessels that are found deep inside the brain causing them to become thick, stiff and twisted and resulting in reduced blood flow through them.

Over time these changes can cause damage to the parts of the brain that are important for attention, memory and language.

What are the symptoms of Binswanger’s disease?

The symptoms of Binswanger’s disease vary depending on the area of the brain that is affected and usually become more severe over time.

Common symptoms in the early stages of the condition include:

  • Difficulties with planning, organising, concentrating, decision-making and problem-solving
  • A slower speed of thought
  • Mild memory problems
  • Difficulties with language
  • Mood changes.

Later symptoms may include:

  • Severe confusion or disorientation
  • Memory loss
  • Behaviour changes
  • Delusions or hallucinations
  • Difficulties walking or eating.

Are you affected by Binswanger’s disease?

If you’re affected by Binswanger’s disease, The Brain Charity can support you.

We are the only charity in the UK to be here for every one of the more than 600 different neurological conditions in existence. Individually, many are rare, but combined, they affect 1 in 6 people.

We provide practical help on all aspects of living with Binswanger’s disease, emotional support such as counselling, phone befriending and group therapy and social activities to people with brain injuries from all over the UK from our centre in Liverpool.

Looking to talk to someone?

Woman smiling, making eye contact and holding the hand of another woman to comfort her

Phone us

Contact The Brain Charity now

Our friendly Information & Advice Officers are here to help. We endeavour to respond to all enquiries within 10 working days.

0151 298 2999

Looking to talk to someone?

  • Please tell us which neurological condition you are affected by and what you need support with.

Caring for someone affected by Binswanger’s disease

We support carers, friends and family too

Are you a carer for or relative of someone with Binswanger’s disease? It’s just as important for you to look after your own physical and mental wellbeing too.

The Brain Charity provides free support for carers, friends and family of people with any form of neurological condition, including Binswanger’s, from anywhere in the UK.

We also run an additional carers advocacy service for all carers in Liverpool, regardless of which type of condition the person they care for has.

You don’t need to be a formal or registered carer

We can help you even if you don’t view yourself as a formal carer or claim Carer’s Allowance. Find out some of the ways we support carers below.

Other resources

The Brain Charity's library

The Brain Charity’s library has a range of resources on Binswanger’s disease and on many other disability-related issues.

Support groups

Dementia Connect support line by the Alzheimer's Society

In Nature with Keren

One-to-one or small group day service in Liverpool for people who have dementia and their families and carers that are interested in nature.

Phone: 0759 572 7555

Love to Move

Service held in Liverpool or online that involves a seated programme to music that provides emotional and cognitive benefits for those affected by dementia.


Phone: 0791 229 2916


Support at The Brain Charity

The Brain Charity’s Music Makes Us! project provides speech & language therapy via engaging singing workshops, and physiotherapy through dance sessions for people living with all forms of dementia.

Other charities