What is hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is caused by a build-up of cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. It may be referred to as ‘water on the brain’.
Specialists will use MRI or CT scans to diagnose hydrocephalus.
A shunt (small tube) can be used to drain excess fluid. It is implanted into the skull to drain the fluid. Untreated, it can be fatal.
What causes hydrocephalus?
It can occur in association with spina bifida. Other causes include infections such as meningitis, premature birth, a head injury or a stroke. Hydrocephalus can lead to problems with skills such as concentration, short-term memory, organisation and coordination.
What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus?
The damage to the brain from hydrocephalus can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:
- being sick
- blurred vision
- difficulty walking