What is Multiple sclerosis (MS)?
MS is an autoimmune condition that causes the immune system to attack the brain or spinal cord.
What causes MS?
MS is caused when the body’s immune system attacks the central nervous system. This can damage and destroy the fatty substance that coats and protects nerve fibres, known as myelin, affecting nerve transmission.
The reasons why people develop MS are not known. It is believed to be triggered by a combination of factors, which could include the body’s own cells and immune system, low vitamin D levels, some viruses and bacteria, smoking, obesity and genetic risk.
What are the symptoms of MS?
Symptoms of MS may include:
- Difficulty walking
- Muscle stiffness and spasms
- Vision problems
- Issues with balance and coordination
The symptoms experienced vary from person to person and may come and go.
If you think you may be displaying early signs of MS, seek the advice of your GP.