Alzheimer's Disease, Alzheimer's, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies

What is dementia?

Dementia is not a disease itself, but a term used to describe a symptoms that result from damage caused by different brain diseases. The most common of these is Alzheimer’s Disease.

The various disorders have in common a loss of brain function that is usually progressive and eventually severe.

What causes dementia?

There are more than 100 different types of dementia and diseases that result in dementia, which each affect the brain in different ways.

These include Alzheimer’s Disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, Pick’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies.

What are the symptoms of dementia?

Symptoms of dementia include:

  • Loss of memory
  • Confusion, especially around time and place
  • Problems with speech, word-finding and following conversations
  • Difficulty concentrating & carrying out everyday familiar tasks
  • Mood changes

Symptoms can begin mildly and vary depending on which part of the brain is affected, but worsen over time and become more similar in their later stages.

In the late stages of dementia, people are unable to take care of themselves and may lose their communication abilities.

Are you affected by Dementia?

Research shows there are more than 850,000 people in the UK who have dementia. If you are over 65 and find yourself forgetting things more often, talk to your GP about a test for dementia.

If you’re affected by dementia, The Brain Charity can support you.

We are the only charity in the UK to be here for every one of the more than 600 different neurological conditions in existence. Individually, many are rare, but combined, they affect 1 in 6 people.

We provide practical help on all aspects of living with dementia, emotional support such as counselling, phone befriending and group therapy and social activities to people with dementia from all over the UK from our centre in Liverpool.

Looking to talk to someone?

Woman smiling, making eye contact and holding the hand of another woman to comfort her

Phone us

Contact The Brain Charity now

Our friendly Information & Advice Officers are here to help. We endeavour to respond to all enquiries within 10 working days.

0151 298 2999

Looking to talk to someone?

  • Please tell us which neurological condition you are affected by and what you need support with.

Caring for someone affected by Dementia

Caring for someone with dementia can be hard and tiring, as sometimes they may not seem like the person you knew before.

Memory aids around the home are a great way for people with dementia to keep some independence.

We support carers, friends and family too

Are you a carer for or relative of someone with dementia? It’s just as important for you to look after your own physical and mental wellbeing too.

The Brain Charity provides free support for carers, friends and family of people with any form of neurological condition, including dementia, from anywhere in the UK.

We also run an additional carers advocacy service for all carers in Liverpool, regardless of which type of condition the person they care for has.

You don’t need to be a formal or registered carer

We can help you even if you don’t view yourself as a formal carer or claim Carer’s Allowance. Find out some of the ways we support carers below.

Other resources

The Brain Charity's library

The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on dementia and many other disability-related issues

Support groups

Music Makes Us! at The Brain Charity

Alzheimer's Society

Alzheimer Scotland (covers support groups in Scotland)

To find out what is available in your local area, contact your local Dementia Advisor.

Support groups at The Brain Charity

Are you interested in setting up a dementia support group, or do you already run one? Email to let us know.

Alternatively, you can check out our list of related support groups here.

Other charities

Alzheimer's Society (covers England, Wales, Northern Ireland)

Helpline: 0845 300 0336

Alzheimer Scotland (covers Scotland)

Helpline: 0808 808 3000

Dementia UK and Young Dementia UK

Admiral Nurse Dementia Helpline: 0800 888 6678


Rare Dementia Support