Intraparenchymal haemorrhage

IPH, intracerebral haemorrhage, ICH

What is an intraparenchymal haemorrhage?

Intraparenchymal haemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel bursts into the functional tissue of the brain.

What causes an intraparenchymal haemorrhage?

The most common cause of an intraparenchymal haemorrhage is high blood pressure, particularly if it’s untreated or the individual is unaware of their condition. Many people are unaware they have high blood pressure as usually it has no symptoms.

In younger people, abnormal blood vessels in the brain may cause intracerebral haemorrhage.

Some of the less common causes include:

  • Tumour
  • Using blood thinners
  • Trauma or head injury
  • Drug abuse
  • Problems with blood-clotting
  • Certain blood disorders such as sickle cell anaemia

What are the symptoms of intraparenchymal haemorrhage?

Symptoms may develop immediately after a trauma blow to your head, or they can take weeks or even longer to appear. The period where you seem fine after a head injury is called the lucid interval.

As pressure on your brain increases, you will produce some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Vomiting
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Constantly increasing headache
  • Slurred speech.

As more blood fills your brain, some of the following symptoms may become apparent:

  • Seizures
  • Lethargy
  • Unconsciousness.

Seek immediate medical attention after a blow to the head if you:

  • Lose consciousness
  • Have a persistent headache
  • Vomit
  • Have limb weakness
  • Vision is blurred
  • Feel unsteady on your feet.

Are you affected by intraparenchymal haemorrhage?

If you’re affected by intraparenchymal haemorrhage, The Brain Charity can support you.

We are the only charity in the UK to be here for every one of the more than 600 different neurological conditions in existence. Individually, many are rare, but combined, they affect 1 in 6 people.

We provide practical help on all aspects of living with intraparenchymal haemorrhage, emotional support such as counselling, phone befriending and group therapy and social activities to people with intraparenchymal haemorrhage from all over the UK from our centre in Liverpool.

Looking to talk to someone?

Woman smiling, making eye contact and holding the hand of another woman to comfort her

Phone us

Contact The Brain Charity now

Our friendly Information & Advice Officers are here to help. We endeavour to respond to all enquiries within 10 working days.

0151 298 2999

Looking to talk to someone?

  • Please tell us which neurological condition you are affected by and what you need support with.

Caring for someone affected by intraparenchymal haemorrhage

We support carers, friends and family too

Are you a carer for or relative of someone with intraparenchymal haemorrhage? It’s just as important for you to look after your own physical and mental wellbeing too.

The Brain Charity provides free support for carers, friends and family of people with any form of neurological condition, including intraparenchymal haemorrhage, from anywhere in the UK.

We also run an additional carers advocacy service for all carers in Liverpool, regardless of which type of condition the person they care for has.

You don’t need to be a formal or registered carer

We can help you even if you don’t view yourself as a formal carer or claim Carer’s Allowance. Find out some of the ways we support carers below.

Other resources

The Brain Charity's library

The Brain Charity’s free public library has a range of resources on intraparenchymal haemorrhage.

Support groups

Liverpool Brain Haemorrhage Support Group

The Liverpool Brain Haemorrhage Support Group meets at The Brain Charity’s coffee morning on the first and third Monday of the month. Please contact us if you want to join in or click here for more details.

Other charities

BASIC - Brain & Spinal Injury Centre

Brain & Spine foundation