What is dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a specific kind of learning difficulty, where a child of normal intelligence has persistent and significant problems with reading, writing and spelling, and sometimes with arithmetic and musical notation.

It is suspected that up to 1 in every 10 people in the UK have Dyslexia

What causes dyslexia?

There is no cure for dyslexia, however there are management options. There is also no reason for dyslexia, but it has nothing to do with the person’s intellectual ability.

What are the symptoms of dyslexia?

Dyslexia can be very frustrating. It can cause you to:

read and write very slowly
confuse the order of letters in words
put letters the wrong way round (such as writing “b” instead of “d”)
have poor or inconsistent spelling
understand information when told verbally, but have difficulty with information that’s written down
find it hard to carry out a sequence of directions
struggle with planning and organisation

Source: NHS

A lot of the advice available for children will also be helpful for adults. Managing tasks and using a multisensory approach are all options which will benefit the adult as well as a child.

Are you affected by Dyslexia?

If you’re affected by dyslexia, The Brain Charity can support you.

We are the only charity in the UK to be here for every one of the more than 600 different neurological conditions in existence. Individually, many are rare, but combined, they affect 1 in 6 people.

We provide practical help on all aspects of living with dyslexia, emotional support such as counselling, phone befriending and group therapy and social activities to people with dyslexia from all over the UK from our centre in Liverpool.

Looking to talk to someone?

Phone us

Contact The Brain Charity now

Our friendly Information & Advice Officers are here to help. We endeavour to respond to all enquiries within 10 working days.

0800 008 6417

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Caring for someone affected by Dyslexia

Using audio books with children can still encourage them that reading is enjoyable and give them all the same benefits that traditional reading does. Overreading, reading the same book consistently, though may be boring for you, will encourage the child to read, as they become more familiar with the text their confidence will grow.

Making sure their school is aware is imperative to supporting their education. Schools have a great knowledge on how to support children with dyslexia, for instance they can offer 1-2-1 support, extra time during exams and even a special assistant who can guide your loved one.

Make sure you look after yourself as much as you look after them. If you need any assistance, or just need a friendly chat, we have lovely counsellors who can take your call.

We support carers, friends and family too

Are you a carer for or relative of someone with dyslexia? It’s just as important for you to look after your own physical and mental wellbeing too.

The Brain Charity provides free support for carers, friends and family of people with any form of neurological condition, including dyslexia, from anywhere in the UK.

We also run an additional carers advocacy service for all carers in Liverpool, regardless of which type of condition the person they care for has.

You don’t need to be a formal or registered carer

We can help you even if you don’t view yourself as a formal carer or claim Carer’s Allowance. Find out some of the ways we support carers below.

Other resources

The Brain Charity's library

The library at The Brain Charity has a range of resources on dyslexia and on a wide range of disability-related issues.

Visit our library to read Can I tell you about Dyslexia? A guide for friends, family and professionals by Alan M. Hultquist. Or look for this book in your local library.

Dyslexia : An introductory guide by Jim Doyle, Paperback, 1996

Dyslexia In Primary Schools by Lindsay Peer, Book, ?

An Employer’s Guide To Dyslexia by J. Todd, 2005

Support groups

The British Dyslexia Association

Other charities

The British Dyslexia Association

Tel. 0333 405 4567.
Opening times: 10 a.m. – 12.30 and 1 p.m. – 4 p.m. Mondays to Fridays. Closed Wednesday afternoons

Dyslexia Action

Tel. 01784 222300

Dyslexia Foundation

Tel. 0151 709 0545

Dyslexia-SpLD Trust