What is Alzheimer’s?
Alzheimer’s is a disease which damages the brain. It is the most common cause of dementia in the UK, responsible for between 60 and 70% of cases.
Dementia is a term used to describe the symptoms associated with a decline in brain function – such as memory loss and problems with thinking and language. Its effects usually get worse over time.
What causes Alzheimer’s?
Old age, family history and untreated depression are all thought to be the main causes of Alzheimer’s.
It is also linked to lifestyle factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, obesity, diabetes and lack of exercise.
What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s?
The main symptoms of Alzheimer’s are:
- Confusion, disorientation and getting lost in familiar places
- Difficulty planning or making decisions
- Problems with speech or language
- Problems moving around without assistance or with self care
- Personality changes, such as becoming aggressive, demanding or suspicious of others
- Hallucinations and delusions
- Low mood or anxiety