Vascular dementia

Multi-infarct dementia

What is vascular dementia?

Vascular dementia is one of the common types of dementia which affect people aged 65 and over.

It reduces blood flow to the brain which causes issues with mental abilities as the brain cells get damaged. There is currently no way to reverse the effects of the damage.

Having a healthy diet or taking medication earlier on can help prevent it from worsening.

What causes vascular dementia?

When blood flow is reduced to the brain, the brain cells get damaged and eventually die.

This could be because of:

  • A blocked blood vessel in the brain.
  • A stroke
  • Mini strokes known as transient ischaemic attacks (TIA)

It also could be because of underlying health conditions such as:

  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes

What are the symptoms of vascular dementia?

The symptoms of vascular dementia can develop over time and can make life difficult for the individual affected.

These can include:

  • Slow thought processes
  • Difficulty decision making
  • Poor concentration
  • Feeling confused
  • Difficulty remembering and speaking

Are you affected by vascular dementia?

If you’re affected by vascular dementia, The Brain Charity can support you.

We are the only charity in the UK to be here for every one of the over 600 neurological conditions. Individually, they are rare, but they affect 1 in 6 people, combined.

We provide practical help on all aspects of living with vascular dementia, from emotional support such as counselling, phone befriending and group therapy, to social activities to help people with brain injuries from all over the UK from our centre in Liverpool.

Looking to talk to someone?

Woman smiling, making eye contact and holding the hand of another woman to comfort her

Phone us

Contact The Brain Charity now

Our friendly Information & Advice Officers are here to help. We endeavour to respond to all enquiries within 10 working days.

0151 298 2999

Looking to talk to someone?

  • Please tell us which neurological condition you are affected by and what you need support with.

Caring for someone with vascular dementia

We support carers, friends and family too

Are you a carer for or relative of someone with vascular dementia? It’s just as important for you to look after your own physical and mental wellbeing too.

The Brain Charity provides free support for carers, friends and family of people with any form of neurological condition, including vascular dementia, from anywhere in the UK.

We also run an additional carers advocacy service for all carers in Liverpool, regardless of which type of condition the person they care for has.

You don’t need to be a formal or registered carer

We can help you even if you don’t view yourself as a formal carer or claim Carer’s Allowance. Find out some of the ways we support carers below.

Other resources

The Brain Charity's library

The Brain Charity’s library has a range of resources on vascular dementia as well as many other disability related issues.

Visit our library to read:

or search the catalogue online here.

Support groups

Admiral Nurse dementia helpline

Support groups at The Brain Charity

Are you interested in setting up a vascular dementia support group, or do you already run one? Email to let us know.

Alternatively, you can check out our list of related support groups here.

Other charities

Dementia UK

Alzheimer’s Research UK