|Related to/Also known as||Meningococcal disease
Meningitis is an inflammation of the lining (meninges) which covers the spinal cord and the brain.
Common symptoms are usually high fever, headache, stiff neck and a red/purple rash which remains when pressed and looked at through a glass tumbler.
Meningitis is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection, or is occasionally due to a fungal infection.
Viral meningitis can be very unpleasant, but is generally less severe and is usually without long-term effects.
Bacterial meningitis is more serious and, although some do make a full recovery, others may be left with problems such as long-term brain damage, hearing loss and epilepsy.
The meningococcal bacterium that causes meningitis can also cause septicaemia (blood poisoning). If a patient has some symptoms of both meningococcal meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia, then together these two forms of the disease are known as meningococcal disease.
|Useful national contacts||Meningitis Trust and Meningitis Research Foundation have merged to form
Nurse-staffed Freefone Helpline 0808 80 10 388
|Online resources||Meningitis Now free mobile app
Meningitis (NHS Choices)
|News and events||
Liverpool research appeal to create a more effective vaccine for pneumococcal meningitis
"New meningitis vaccine for students and children" (BBC Wales, August 2015)
The library at The Brain Charity has a range of reference resources on this condition and on a wide range of disability-related issues.
This includes a copy of the Brain & Spine Foundation's booklet "Meningitis: A fact sheet for patients and carers".