|Related to/Also known as||Spinal Dysraphism
|Symptoms||Spina Bifida (split spine) is a fault in the spinal column, in which one or more of the vertebrae fail to form properly, thereby leaving a gap. It occurs early in pregnancy and is therefore present at birth.|
Spina Bifida Occulta is a very mild form, which may only be evident as dimpling of the skin or a hairy patch.
Spina Bifida Cystica is a form where a sac or cyst is visible on the back. If the sac contains nerves and part of the spinal cord, it is known as a Myelomeningocele and will result in some degree of paralysis and disability. If it contains tissue and cerebro-spinal fluid, it is called a Meningocoele and is unlikely to cause disability.
Hydrocephalus is a build-up of C.S.F. (cerebro-spinal fluid) in the brain, and many people with Spina Bifida have Hydrocephalus.
|Useful national contacts||
Scottish Spina Bifida Association
|Online resources||Spina bifida (NHS Choices)
Spina bifida (Contact A Family)
|Our resources||The library at The Brain Charity has a range of reference resources on this condition and on a wide range of disability-related issues.|